There are two types of assessments listed in PowerSchool for my Perspectives in Lit & Comp class: formative and summative. Formative assessments do not count toward the final grade, because they are meant as practice. Summative assessments do count toward the final grade, because those are the occasions when students are expected to show what they have learned.
Formative assessments are, generally, rated on a four-point scale, which is explained below. Seeing a 1, 2, 3, or 4 should therefore tell you that this assignment was intended to help students get better at whatever we were working on, and isn’t a part of their final grade. The concern here should be, “Do I know what I need to know before this skill or content is on a summative assessment?”
Summative assessments are, generally, assigned letter grades on a traditional scale (A = 95%; A- = 92%; B+ = 88%; etc.). Thus, letter grades should indicate that the skills and/or content measured here had been discussed and practiced enough that I expected students to be able to perform for a grade.
Here’s the one-to-four scale:
- The student has major misunderstandings of is missing critical information about the topic AND/OR the student cannot perform even a rough approximation of the skills and processes important to the topic.
- The student has some misconceptions or is missing some information important to the topic, but still has a general understanding of the topic AND/OR the student makes significant errors when performing the skills and processes important to the topic but still performs a rough approximation of these skills and processes.
- The student has an understanding of the information important to the topic but not in great detail AND the student can perform the skills and processes important to the topic without significant error.
- The student has a complete and detailed understanding of the information important to the topic AND the student can perform the skills AND processes important to the topic fluently and without error.