Film Terminology and the Perspectives Final

The final will take the form of a series of film clips. I will ask you some multiple choice questions and a few short answer questions (1-2 sentences). These questions might be about the kinds of shots being used, the techniques being used in those shots, and the purposes of using those techniques.

If you want to review the film terms, and the definitions that I provided, I’ve listed it for you after the jump (click “more” at the bottom of this post).

Shot — the single set of images captured through a camera by turning it on and off; the average length of a shot is 3 seconds

Sequence — a series of shots joined together through editing

Scene — A continuous block of storytelling set in a particular location or following a particular character

Shot Distance — How far away from a subject the camera appears to be

Shot Duration — How much time the shot takes

Shot Angle — Relative position between camera and subject

SHOT DISTANCE

Close-Up — We see the subject with very little context

Medium Shot — torso-to-head of human figure is visible with little context

Long Shot — entire subject is seen in its context of its environment

Establishing Shot — long shot intended to reveal location, context of scene

—–

One-Shot — one person/figure/subject in shot

Two-Shot — two people/figures/subjects in shot

CAMERA ANGLE — relative position between camera and subject

Low-Angle — camera is lower than subject, looking up

High-Angle — camera is higher than subject, looking down

Bird’s Eye View — extremely long, high angle shot

—–

OTHER TECHNIQUES

Framing — using visual elements to bring the viewer’s focus to the subject of the image

Rule of Thirds — The principle of placing the subject off-center, approximately 1/3 of the way into the image from the top, bottom, left, or right, as a way of making the image seem more natural.

Pan — The camera itself remains stationary, but turns right or left

Tilt — The camera itself remains stationary, but looks up or down

—–

TRANSITIONS

straight cut — basic editing transition; we stop seeing one image and begin seeing the next

dissolve — first shot fades as a second image emerges on the screen; there is a momentary overlapping of images — tries to convey something about time

fade in— image begins with a black screen, and then we gradually begin to see the next shot until the image has completely replaced the black

fade out — we begin with the image, then it gradually disappears into a black screen

white in/out — just like fade in/out, but with a white screen instead of black

One response to “Film Terminology and the Perspectives Final

  1. I am often searching for recent posts in the internet about this theme. Thx!!

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